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Theatrum Cometicum 1107

A comet in 1107, after a drawing in Stanislaus Lubienitzki’s Theatrum Cometicum (1668), the first comet catalogue. The 2-volume work described 415 comets, although many are considered ‘fictitious’, like this one (although this may be a misdating of a great comet in 1106)

Comet 1843 new

The Great Comet of 1843, March 17, as seen from Blackheath, Kent. The comet appeared suddenly in the southern hemisphere on February 5. It was not seen in England until after March 15, ‘when its splendour had much diminished’, although during March the tail was still about 40 degrees long and 1 degree wide. Its perihelion distance from the Sun was about 500,000 miles.

Comet 1861 new

The comet of 1861, July 2, from New Brentford, Middlesex, 11 p.m. After an engraving in the Illustrated London News, 6 July 1861. See here.

Comet 1882

The comet of 1882, October 9, at 4 a.m., after an engraving by Flammarion. The comet was first seen on September 1 in the southern hemisphere and was conspicuous to the naked eye for several weeks. The tail may have had a tubular form, and the nucleus appeared to split into four separate fragments.

Comet 1910

The Daylight Comet of 1910 and Venus, January 27, from Biskra, North Africa. after a drawing by W. B. Gibbs. The comet was discovered by some railwaymen in South Africa on January 13 (or diamond miners on January 12). After perihelion on January 17, the comet moved into northern skies. On January 23, as seen from Sweden, the tail was 25 degrees long and 5 degrees wide, shaped like a scimitar.

Halley 1910

Halley’s Comet with Venus and the waning Moon, about May 4, 1910. After an illustration in Harper’s Weekly, May 21, 1910